Education Talks | Digital revolution in the classroom


Digital revolution in the classroom What are the main challenges
to scaling-up new teaching approaches? All the educational research
shows for years that all the learning, 80% of the learning
takes place outside the classroom. So why not just bring
that outside into the classroom. So the reason they learn outside the classroom
is because there is interaction. People learn through action,
they don’t learn passively. How can technology help
to transform teaching and learning? Before we had technology and
everybody had a phone in their pocket, there were only a couple of
ways to learn something. One was to go to school and sit there
and kind of suffer through that, and listen and memorise,
and then try to make that relevant. The second way was to go to
a library and to get a book. So both of these methods were
the way that people learned things. But then along came
the digital revolution and we all have access
to computers, tablets and phones. So if you want to learn something today,
you can get it on your phone. You don’t have to go to a library and
you don’t have to sit in a lecture but the whole model in education
is still based on sitting in a lecture, whether you are in second grade
or whether you are in university. Kids love technology.
It is like a kind of a magic pencil. But if you give them the opportunity to explore
using technology, then the excitement grows. If you can use the computer or the phone
or the tablet as a basis for exploring, then you are going
to be excited about it. For example, if you want to learn something
and you don’t know how to do it, you could go to YouTube and find a video.
There are videos on everything. What changes need to be made
to encourage project-based learning? What we need to do to encourage
more project-based learning is to cut down on
the importance of those test results and not to focus
just on the test results. I am not saying to get rid of the tests
because nobody wants to get rid of the tests. I am just saying that maybe
we shouldn’t concentrate on it, maybe we should use
the tests as a gauge for like how the student needs to perhaps
learn more in a certain area and not evaluate
the teacher just on the test. Maybe we should evaluate the teacher
on the ‘four Cs’, which is: do your students know
how to communicate? Are they creative? Do they have
any critical thinking skills? How about collaboration?
Do the kids have any empathy? What about those skills
for working in the workplace? What kind of skills are you teaching
in that environment in your classroom? What would be the main innovation you would advise
teachers to implement in their classrooms? That’s not to say you have
to get rid of the lecture, it is just that
you want to cut it down. You want to be able to take what you learn
on a lecture and use it, so it becomes meaningful. That’s why I am proposing
this 20% time in the classroom so the 20% time would give students
20% of the week to work on a project that employs the things that they learn or the information that they learn
in the other 80% of the time. So it makes the learning relevant. Just try it out and
see if your kids don’t like it. The first few weeks, it might look like chaos
and you might wonder like what are they doing. But in fact, at the end of the month,
you would be surprised that how much they have learned.

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