NCERT Class 9 Geography Chapter 1: India Size & Location -Examrace | English | CBSE

NCERT class 9 Geography. Now, the whole of
the NCERT class 9 geography is based on geography of India. We would be again discussing the
same topics what we have covered in the class 7. So, the 1st chapter here would be size
and location but the basic difference would be the depth of the concepts would be much
more in class 9 as compare to class 7. Now, starting with the basics and the fundamentals
again. Latitude range we have already discussed before the longitudinal extension we have
already talked before so broadly I can say India lies in the northern hemisphere and
the eastern hemisphere. So, you have northern hemisphere and eastern hemisphere is the predominant
location. Now, tropic of cancer divides India in the nearly half so you have the lower half.
Where you have the tropical type of climate and the upper half which has a kind of temperate
type of climate and this was also used by stamp to understand the eighteen degree isotherm
which was more or less, similar to the tropic of cancer line and he tried to explain the
two climatic regions in India the tropical and a temperate.
Now the southernmost point of the Indian union is known as Indra point however this Indra
point was submerged in 2004 tsunami the total area is 3.28 square kilometres of the total
world land area that is available India accounts for 2.4% of the area it is the 7th largest
country by area the land boundary is 15,200 kilometres and the costal boundary which includes
the island is 7,516 kilometres Now if we talk about the population of India.
India presently is the 2nd most popular country next to china so as per 2011 scenes you have
china which stands at 1.33 billion and India which stands at 1.17 billion however it is
forecasted that in 2050 India would cross or Surpass china and India’s population
would be 1.69 billion in comparison to china which would remain 1.3 billion. Now by the
end of 2011 we had 7 billion human being on earth and this is how it evolved by the year
1900 it was less than 2 billion and by 2000 and 2011 it nearly grew more than three times
and it became 7 billion now moving on from Gujarat which is the western most part to
the eastern most part state of Arunachala Pradesh you have a time range or a time lap
of two hours however to standardise the time in India we have to follow a single time zone
that is the Indian standard time zone and that is 82 and ½ degrees east and it crosses
Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh India has the longest cost line with the Indian ocean and as a result
it occupies a kind of very eminent position in Indian ocean also India is the only country
after which you have an ocean being named so you have Indian ocean being named after
India so these are the some of the key aspects. Now moving on the map of India so I have two
maps here the second map tries to explain the attitudinal and the longitudinal extinctions
that we have already covered in the class 7 geography. Now you have the extension in
kilometres northern south which is given however the key aspect here is the line which crosses
here which is the tropic of Capricorn so as you can see the tropic of Capricorn usually
crosses the Gujarat then you have Madhya Pradesh you have parts of Odisha, west Bengal then
Tripura so you have these states which fall on the tropic of cancer it turns threw in
another hemisphere 23 and ½ degree north it nearly crosses a divides India in two half
the upper and the lower so you have the tropic of the cancer here then you have the island
groups and the three ocean so you have the Arabian sea Bay of Bengal and Indian ocean
the point where the three oceans meet is known as Kanyakumari and cape Comorian that was
it’s old name so you have the cape Comorian the old name for Kanyakumari and it’d the
point where Arabian sea Indian ocean and way of Bengal meet then you have the Lakshadweep
island group in Arabian sea and you have Andaman and Niko bar island in group in way of Bengal
Andaman and Niko bar comprises of two island groups the Andamans and the Niko bars the
northern once are the Andaman and the southern once are the Niko bars then you have the capital
of Andaman and Niko bar is Port Blair then you have the Lakshadweep the capital is Karnavati
the both Lakshadweep and Andaman and the Niko bar are union territories then you have other
union territories which are dispersed so you have Pondicherry and the three territories
of Pondicherry that’s the Pondicherry caracal on the eastern site then you have union territories
of western site mainly those are daman and deep then you have Dadar and nagar haveli
then you have Delhi here so you have so these are some of the important union territories
you have at present you have 29 states and seven union territories so the recent state
that has been formed in Telangana separated from Andhra Pradesh so you have Telangana
which is the newest state recently form the three prior states that were formed were Uttarakhand,
Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand so these were three states that were formed in year 2000.
Now y is India’s location statistically important previously on a world map if you
see travelling from u-rope to India this was the only root or I would say the shortest
route after the discovery of the Zeus cannon here this root decreased by nearly 7000 kilometres
as the result trade with India increased with time,
However, has numerous historical ties so we start with Upanishads, Ramayana, Panchatantra
Vidhya popular threw out the world then you have the Indian numerous system the decimal
system the concept of zero that India invented was accepted globally even days before when
we talk about the historical aspects at India’s spices and muslin were famous. However, India
also tried to incorporate ties with foreign countries and you have sculptures from Greece,
and domes and minerals from west Asia which were visible in India during that time. Now,
as I said you have 29 states in 7 union territories. The state smallest in area is Goa and the
largest in area is Rajasthan. So, if we go back on the map you have Goa which is smallest
in area and Rajasthan which is highest in area. You have Sikkim which is least populated
and UP which is most populated state. Again, you have the states which borders various
nations so you have Pakistan bordering with Jammu-Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat
towards the north. Then you have chine bordering with Jammu-Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand
then you have Sikkim and Arunachala Pradesh. You have Nepal which borders with Bihar, Uttarakhand,
UP, Sikkim and West-Bengal. You have similarly the other nations which bordered with the
various states of India. The most important of these is Afghanistan which borders with
Jammu-Kashmir in the porcupine Kashmir region and Myanmar. So, other states you can easily
remember but most of you would be confused in the north eastern states. So, you have
Arunachala Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. Which have boundaries with Myanmar.
Now, before 1947 there were 2 types of state that were common in India. They were either
provinces or the princely states. Now, provinces were those states which were governed or which
were directly under the British rule as a result the viceroy appointed a British official
there and the province was directly under the control of British Administration. However,
you had princely states which were ruled locally by the rulers and they kind of acknowledge
the sovereignty of the bruisers in turn for the local autonomy that was granted to the
states. So, you had the princely state of Junagadh and so on. Noe, between India and
Sri-Lanka you have Palk strait & gulf of Munnar that exist. Maldives islands Exist for the
south of Lakshadweep in the Arabian oceans and Kanyakumari as we have already said lies
in the TamilNadu and it’s the region where the 3 seas meet. So, these were the fundamental
concepts on the 1st chapter of NCERT class 9. We’ll be talking more about the class
9 Geography in the further lectures. Have a good day ahead.

You may also like...

100 Responses

  1. Anamika sharma says:

    Thank you ma'am

  2. Vikas Bhola says:

    That was truly brilliant!!!!
    Had a lot of interest in geography and you added more to it….. Having fun and all my concepts are clear
    Thanks to you

  3. Nandan Sharma says:




  5. Dhanya Binu says:

    Ma'am without you my exams wold have been a nightmare… thanks a lot fr helping students like us

  6. Ansh Dwivedi says:

    mam aap mere school me teacher ke liye aa jayiye plss

  7. Ansh Dwivedi says:

    You teaches very very well 🙏🙏👌👌😘

  8. Examrace says:

    @3:59 It is Tropic of Cancer. Incorrectly narrated as Tropic of Capricorn

  9. Ketan Prajapati says:

    Mem why does it need to determine the standard meridian time for india or others country ? Plz give me ur reply regarding the question

  10. Vipin Kumar says:

    Thanks mam it is very helpful to me

  11. Shubham Saxena says:

    Mam Can u explain something more about narrow channel which is between india and srilanka named PALK STRAIT and GULF OF MANNAR..

  12. Bahadar Rana says:

    Thanks mam to teach

  13. Rakesh Pandey says:

    Very nice meeting you

  14. Sayanti's Creation says:

    Mam,now the topic is clear to mee and it is easier for meee to understand…plzzz make more videos for other main subjects also…

  15. Aditi Singh says:



    In my opinion you are one of the best teacher of the world.


    superb teaching

  18. Mohd Azhar says:

    Thanks maam

  19. annu yadav says:

    Thank you mam

  20. FARHAN JR says:

    Thank u ma'am

  21. Manoj Kumar says:

    Nice explanation

  22. sri nivasan says:

    Thanks mam it was very useful😙😙

  23. AJAY MEENA says:

    Very good videos mam……..Plz mam, can u provide pdfs of these lectures??
    If u can ……then this is so much helpfulat the time of revision.

  24. Balraj Gill says:

    thanks for telling me about it

  25. Dr. Nilu Krishna says:

    Thank u mam.U really explained it well!😄😊😉

  26. Sandeep Verma says:

    Mam what is the difference between a common state( which is 29) and union territories (which is 7) ??? I can't able to understand why this system is in our country please ans it briefly it is more valuable if u make a video on this …so please give me the ans

  27. Uday Kanth says:

    Thanks mam

  28. N.perumal perumal says:

    Thanks mam for teaching this lesson

  29. Shashank TL says:

    Hey it's usefull

  30. aryan sinh says:

    Explain paper pattern also

  31. Ridhwan Singhal says:


  32. Mohd Rihan it is project says:

    thanks I get full marks see that video thanks very much

  33. varathan kalimurugan says:

    @7:25 spices is written as species

  34. Pratiksha Vaishnav says:

    Maim plz hindi me bhi provide kijiye geography 9th and 10th ki plzzzzzzzzzz

  35. Shahir Ahmed says:

    You should do some grammer videos…

  36. Ujjwal Jain says:

    Thanks mam

  37. Sarthak Tyagi says:

    Superb teacher.
    I have seen almost all vedios.

  38. Harish Joshi says:

    Ya but no doubts the points you gave were helpful😊

  39. Maahi Pancholi says:

    Thank u mam…

  40. Aman Patel says:


  41. sanjaykumar chourasiya says:

    This video is so helpful

  42. Shilpi Gupta says:

    plzz can u add your videos on history class 9

  43. piyush Kapoor says:

    Thank-you mam

  44. piyush Kapoor says:

    Mam please mKe 9 class history ch2

  45. Sumit Chourasiya says:

    Your explanation is to good and you also😘😘😍😍

  46. Surampally Bhaskar says:

    hello iam prince manicharan from oakridge international school which scool you r teaching
    your teaching is well

  47. Nooruddin Malik says:


  48. Peeraiah P says:

    Please explain India sharing border with countries

  49. Anjali Nagpal says:

    You've explained it so beautifully. I've never liked geography, but had to teach my son, so explained through this video. You're an outstanding teacher!!!

  50. Vandana Walia Bali says:

    It's {ASSAM} not {ASOM} please check this error


  51. vandana kumari says:

    Very nice effort…

  52. Viraj Kulkarni says:

    3:55 it is Tropic of Cancer

  53. Pankaj kumar ohdar says:

    thanks mam for explaining

  54. RAHUL VERMA says:

    Tropic of cancer passes through
    Gujrat, Rajasthan, Madhya pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Mizoram and Tripura

  55. shivani Rajput says:

    Mam Hindi me bhi bana do iski video please.

  56. sourabh pahuja says:


    can you pls share the PDF's prepared by you for different classes, so that we can easily refer them at the time of need or in the last moments of exams.

  57. vinayvkb says:

    1:28 it's 3.28million km^2

  58. cooking time says:

    In the bordering countries of Bangladesh and Bhutan asom is written is it assam

  59. Kanagasabai senguttuvan says:

    Pls mam upload for maths and science also mam

  60. Surendra Singh says:

    Mam its very helpfull for my examination ✍

  61. krishna jaiswal says:

    Thanks mam.🙂

  62. Shiv Swaroop says:


  63. e target with us says:


  64. monty Sharma says:

    madam 2 hours ka time manage kaise krte hein ye to btaya nhi aapne

  65. Pradip Mondal says:

    That's the real explanation…..

  66. Seetharam Killivalavan says:

    The Tropic of Cancer doesn't pass through ORISSA. Check @4:03 min

  67. Jagadish Joshi says:


  68. Jagadish Joshi says:

    Very helpful vedio

  69. Beauty Queen says:

    I wish I could get her mind for tomorrow's exam btw thanks

  70. Gurl with luv!! says:

    i think you can go in brief , it would be better

  71. Vinod Kumar says:

    Thank you mam

  72. Prerna Mittal says:

    Ok ma'am thank you for this video

  73. jasmeet singh says:

    thank you mam

  74. Divyanshu Pandey says:

    i have a question the tropic of cancer doesn,t pass through which state.

  75. संयोगिता मिश्रा says:

    Mam, it's not Karavati. The capital of Lakshadweep is Kavaratti

  76. Priyanka Ola says:

    You are really a awesome teacher mam. Thanks a lot mam.😊😊👍👍

  77. jeno D says:

    mam I am from kanyakumari..!!

  78. Karan Singh says:

    Thanks mam

  79. satish Kumar says:

    Madam please convert this into hindi

  80. Gautam Gorlious says:

    Mam Mai bhi sst techer hu aur mujhe ye projector wali slide kaise aur kaja milegi bataaye plz

  81. Madhavi Adhikari says:

    Thank you ma'am

  82. Narendra Jeengar says:

    Questions answered video dalo na msm

  83. Jayant Kumar says:

    I like the teaching skills of mam

  84. Baba Bhati says:

    Very good

  85. Baba Bhati says:

    Mam aap tuition kahan teach karti ho

  86. Shlok Kansara says:

    But the explanation part is very perfect 100/100

  87. SARITHA MURALI says:

    Very very useful for me. Put some more videos about class 9 syllabus.Thank you mam. 😊

  88. Rethish Kumar says:

    Your class is amazing. It really helped me. Thank you. I still don't know why people gave this video so many likes, I mean your video is amazing! Thanks again!

  89. vijin balaji says:

    U are good in


  90. Aruna Panwar says:

    Maam your teaching is very good but at point 3:26 you said that Indian ocean is the only ocean which is named after a country but Even arabian sea gets its name from saudi Arabia?

  91. Sangetha Balamurugan says:

    MAm thank u so much .

  92. Karthik Lee says:

    I like your teaching

  93. vijin balaji says:

    522 subscriber is me

  94. Nafiha Amrin says:

    Pls give kerala syllabus english news report writing

  95. Yogita Chavan says:

    @3.59 its tropic of cancer which passes from gujarat, madya pardesh, chattishgarh, jharkhand not tropic of Capricorn

  96. Satyam yadav says:

    Chandigarh also a union territories


    Who is watching 1 night before exam.???? If yes hit like ❤👍👍

  98. Fake Account says:

    Ur life saver

  99. Danu Tharan says:

    U r vedios are really helpful

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *