The Industrial Revolution (18-19th Century)

Industrial Revolution
18th – 19th Century The economic developments of the 1800s saw the development of agrarian and handicraft economies in Europe and America transform into industrial, urbanized ones. The term to describe this phenomenon would be known as the “Industrial Revolution,” and was first used by French writers, but made popular by English economic historian Arnold Toynbee. The Industrial Revolution was underpinned by the Agricultural Revolution. From the mid-18th century to the mid-19th century, agricultural production increased significantly. The huge increase in food output supported the expansion, and sustained a large population and boosted trade. The increased use of machines over human or animal power in farming also meant that fewer farm workers were needed, and they could leave the land for industrial towns. Better metals and richer fuel also contributed to industrialization by creating the steam engine, an integral machine to industrialization, which powered factories, locomotives, and ships. The new steam engines used coal and iron, both in the construction and as fuel, increasing demand for these resources. Roads, canals, and roadways changed Britain dramatically, connecting Britain and allowing goods to be sent over long distances. Visually, the revolution was clear in the new industrial towns, with smoking factories dominating the skyline. The cities were horrible to live in. Overcrowded, dirty, with dangerous conditions in the factories and strict rules and punishments. The Industrial Revolution saw mechanization of the textile industry, which was previously manufactured in the home, creating the term “Cottage Industry.” Now, production could be increased on a large scale because of new inventions, such as the spinning mule and the power loom. The iron industry developed with Henry Bessemer’s inexpensive process for mass-producing steel. Iron and steel were key materials for constructing the tools in machinery, steam engines, and ships needed for the industrial progress. Industrial labor opportunities drew people to the cities from the countryside– To such an extent that in 1750 only 15% of the population of Britain lived in towns. By 1850, over 50% of the entire population of Great Britain lived in either a town or a city, and by 1900, it was 85%! London had 4.5 million people, Glasgow – 760,000, Liverpool – 685,000, and Manchester and Birmingham – 500,000 Great Britain was the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution, and was the only mature industrial economy for a long time. Historians have speculated that this was because as an island, there was relative peace and stability for Britain compared to mainland Europe. Rather than spending on a large defensive standing army, capital could be spent on other ventures, and there was confidence for investors. Native resources were also abundant, and readily available for initial technological developments and inventions. Engineers and inventors were also respected and encouraged in British society, and were backed by wealthy patrons. A powerful navy and an empire bringing in vast wealth from its colonies also contributed to the catalyst for industrialization before others. Nevertheless Germany, France, Switzerland, Belgium, and the United States soon emulated Britain’s industrial change; and by 1900 Britain would no longer be at the top, with the United States as the world’s leading industrial nation in the 20th century. Subscribe for more history videos! Thank for all your support on the Simple History YouTube channel. If you enjoy the channel, please consider supporting us at Patreon.

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100 Responses

  1. Show bobs and vagene says:

    India is 200 years behind UK and Europe.

  2. Evian Mason says:

    Nice hello history

  3. Jacob Navarro says:

    I’m watching this at my school for my project for my social studies class

  4. eskimo weed 93 says:

    Missed Newcastle coal mining history

  5. Ishan Bansal says:

    And people to buy goods half slaves

  6. Dr. Shipman says:

    It’s all gone now, we live off our past

  7. Krishnasadhu70 Sadu9848525903 says:

    Cant even understand even one word

  8. Krishnasadhu70 Sadu9848525903 says:

    There is no relation to that vedio and explanation

  9. Clar says:

    What if industrial revolution nothing happened?

  10. Yiftach Eliav says:

    Off to play syndicate now

  11. Larry-three says:

    The U.S. quite possibly could have experienced the Industrial Revolution sooner than it did, but a group calling themselves the Confederacy started a civil war and really screwed the nation over. A lot of lives, resources, and materials were lost in a pointless war.


    British has plundered raw materials form india

  13. bunkerspam says:

    Hey Soviet Union during 1920's lets industrialize our country : Stalin hey I got a five year plan : later on oh no steel production is down


    That's crazy!


    Do one on area five one

  16. GAY NIGGGER says:

    can you do the “pig war”

  17. Creamyguya says:

    Honestly, imagine if progression stopped and we pretty much ended up in some sort of steampunk-like society?

  18. H!tler#4 bcw and games says:

    britain is never been rich! they just did all of that with their colonies

  19. Nospacito Gaming says:


  20. теперь уже нет says:

    industrial age is polnoe govno

  21. Gabriel Villareal says:

    The 911 attack would be awesome!

  22. DGJ P says:

    And that caused the Great smog of 1952

  23. tobias wildenhoff says:

    More worst jobs in history!

  24. jairo baguio says:

    Bitish empire

  25. ausarge says:

    21st Century

  26. Jmikkels O says:

    Belgium was the second industrial nation????????

  27. William Bateman says:

    0:53 to the left, is that Ebenezer Scrooge?

  28. LagggzHD Gaming says:

    Emu war please.

  29. Personalized 3D Objects says:

    Really helped me with my revision.

  30. Sandał Senpai says:

    Industrial revolution started the degeneration of human civilization, turning it from quality over quantity to quantity/equality over quality. And that will be our doom one day.

  31. Niharika Saini says:

    how about making videos on Indian history?

  32. Revolutionary Communist says:

    But how did the German empire (2nd Reich) managed to have a larger economy than the British empire in the late 19th century?

  33. St Peters AV says:


  34. chesvvick says:

    2:55 no Turkey when talking about Europe. Nice.

  35. ravinder nayak says:

    British is the power

  36. Indiaball YouTube says:

    To suppy their Industrial Revolution, they deliberately killed the industries in their colonies.

  37. Ahmad Hussein says:

    British standard sets our costs of living. Can you figure out why those leading countries transferred and urged us and 3rd world to carry the dirts of industrialisation.

  38. CanadianTurf Sandwich says:

    The steam punk ages

  39. Jb Mobiles says:

    Brits were dacoits who looted their colonies for their developments…..

  40. Super Sayan says:

    Please do about Egypt revolution

  41. Rakasiwiii fiddihaq says:

    1:39 is he die?

  42. Mr Zon says:

    I wonder if the five year plans were inspired by these

  43. volce wagen says:

    So they stole all the materials to develop after the revolution smh

  44. Lil Indomie says:

    "Many different type of machines and factories with machines in them so they can make a lot of product real fast"

  45. Broja Kishor Mandal says:

    Britain:i was in the top
    Usa:but now i am in top
    Britain's early colonies: we are at bottom because of you mad britain
    Britain:haha you should be in bottom you fool i am the genious
    Britain's early colonies: you xxxx

  46. Batman says:

    Revolution by ripping resource of other county. What a shame, British is. This is why america is best. They never looted any country resource.

  47. Jammy Dodger says:

    i have to disagree that the reason for britains success was lack of war or need to fund military. we had the largest navy in the world for hundreds of years. we were also involved in global warfare regularly.

  48. Muxiyodiin Xurmaawi says:

    Hello samali

  49. Aleksandar Vil says:

    Mamluk Egypt, please

  50. Freddy Sumartono says:

    Now its china is the leading industrial country 21st century

  51. Joost Kiefte says:

    "less farmworkers were needed"…….? Deer God, dus knowone care ebout grammar ennymore?

  52. Elijune 16 says:

    Broooo all these videos wack

  53. CCZ_Pro says:

    <img src="" alt="Haha"/> lol

  54. Jacob Harrington says:

    You should do a video on the first act of war Canada attempted on the U.S. – unleashing nickleback

  55. Thad Goy says:

    Do an episode on workhouses in the 19th century

  56. Phil Ad says:

    Next is the AI-revolution, lead by Canada and China.

  57. james eustace says:

    I think it's safe to say, Britain made the modern world.

  58. Blakes Liberator says:

    Then, America got on board with Henry Ford mass producing the automobile.

  59. 45 Pints says:

    What about crawford starrick

  60. Business Idea's says:

    Industrial revolution make life better but destroy the earth

  61. Chiblox Max says:


  62. Bundesrepublik der Erde Reich says:

    This is what my country, Philippines, need

  63. Crusader Boy 9000 says:

    Things where good when britain was still british XD

  64. Kate says:

    Who else is failing tomorrow?

  65. Raphael Lafeldt says:

    thanks man, keep up the good work!

  66. ツZαyη says:

    Europeans also tried conquering East country to get steel, black pepper and raw materials for their industrial revolution.

  67. Mr. Freddy says:

    a little puddle that separated Great Britain from Europe was their key to success

  68. maged play games the best games says:

    Bye bye worst smell bye

  69. maged play games the best games says:

    Bye go to far AWAY

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  72. Yuriel Astillero says:

    If only Britain would colonize the Philippines, the economy of my country would be grown fast

  73. Jared Cortez says:

    I'm here because of Homework ….x1

  74. sarcasmo57 says:

    I wounder what the next revolution will be.

  75. Singh harpreet says:

    Hello britishers::

  76. cyber elf says:

    Emerging industrial revolution is one of triggered of independence america

  77. Shreeyut Thapa says:

    Environment was also polluted during revolution .

  78. Random Memes Weekly says:

    and then the hellhole known as the us school system was born

  79. Sammy Bass says:


  80. Sammy Bass says:


  81. Mohammed Al-Naimi says:


  82. Alistair Da Silva says:


  83. Peter Stair says:

    The Netherlands doesn't even get a shout out!

  84. WolfJarl says:

    According to Ayn Rand the Industrial Revolution was the height of human development, and that any improvements on it, according to her, are a detriment with additions like workers' rights, environmental policies, etc.

  85. john morris says:

    Can I use this for children's teaching please?

  86. Michael Moretti says:

    You have forgotten 2 incredibly relevant pieces of legislation that facilitated the Industrial Revolution: The Joint Stock Companies Act 1844 (allowing the formations of companies owned by many share-holders) and Limited Liability Act 1855 (which introduced limited liability for the shareholders). These 2 laws allowed for MASSIVE investment into capital production.

  87. Erich Von Manstein says:

    Not mentioned Germany,they also surpassed UK like USA in the beginning of 20th century.

  88. Asad Babil says:

    By the dawn of the 20th century, the lives of millions had been changed out of all recognition. Cities, the traditional centers of commerce and fashionable life, have been transformed into sprawling industrial slums. Yet, everywhere, the catchphrase is "progress." There is a widespread belief that a new world is coming. A world in which the ills of the past will be cured by science, by technology and by democracy.

    Many, far from welcoming the dawn of a new age, are deeply disturbed. With the Industrial Revolution had come a decline in the power of traditional authority. The political power of the landowner is [waning] in favor of a new class of industrialists and financiers. Hierarchy is being threatened by democracy. It appears to many as if the world of beauty and order is disintegrating before their very eyes. Worst of all, religion itself seems in mortal danger. Cherished beliefs, accepted as true for all time, are being questioned by science.

  89. Dennis Flo says:

    This is what killed Latin America today

  90. Sigma Geranimo says:

    This the evolution that give us the Diabetic and Heart failure.

  91. Vishal is 1 | Clash Of Clans & Clash Royale says:

    Steam engine was the most important thing

  92. Effo von Orton says:

    Now. Small Britian is finished. Brexit, Islamization. Stupid, fat citizens. What a shame UK!

  93. Ashley Lubawy says:

    Those 4 people have scars on their faces which hurts

  94. Panchali Dey says:

    Osm british

  95. Jeon jungkook Bts says:

    It's remind me assacian creed syndicate????

  96. name surname says:

    Thanks a lot for doing this video! I have an upcoming exam about this topic and you explained it in a very entertaining way!

  97. BloxxyFTW says:

    10/10 learned everything i needed to learn

  98. Hus chappa says:

    britain become rich because they colonized world resources

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