Hey there, this is Jennifer Gonzalez for Cult of Pedagogy. In this video, I will be showing you how to use the Jigsaw Method. First I’ll show you the basic structure of

the Jigsaw, then a variation known as Jigsaw II, and finally I’ll give you some tips for

troubleshooting this strategy. So what is the Jigsaw Method? Developed by Elliot Aronson in 1971, Jigsaw is a cooperative learning strategy

where each student in a group takes responsibility for one chunk of the content, then teaches

it to the other group members. Like the pieces of a jigsaw puzzle, students

fit their individual chunks together to form a complete body of knowledge. Here are the steps of a basic jigsaw (sometimes

referred to as Jigsaw I) Step 1 is to divide students into groups of

4 to 6 people per group. Jigsaw works best when you have the same number

of students in each team, So avoid having some groups of four, some

of five, and some of six. Later in this video, I’ll show you what to do if you can’t divide

students into perfectly even teams. For this example, we’ll assume you’re working

with a class of exactly 30 students who can be divided evenly into groups of six. We’ll

call these the Jigsaw Groups. Step 2: Divide your content into 4 to 6 chunks. It’s important to divide the content into

the same number of chunks as the number of students in each group. So if you have six

students per group, break your content into six chunks. If you’re only going to have five

students in each group, then you’ll only need five chunks. Suppose you’re a history teacher and you’re

doing an overview of different types of government. You could divide your content into these chunks:

democracy, dictatorship, monarchy, republic, totalitarianism, and theocracy. By the way: These index cards just represent

chunks of content. You don’t need to use actual index cards to do jigsaw. A chunk of content can

be a section of a textbook chapter, a handout containing information, or an online resource. Step 3: Assign one chunk of content to each

person in the Jigsaw Group. Each group has one person responsible for

one chunk of the content. That person will be expected to teach that

chunk to the rest of the group. At this point, students don’t really interact

with other members of their group; they just read and study their own chunk of content

independently. Then, their independent study is fortified by the next step… Step 4: Have students meet in Expert Groups. After each student has studied his or her

chunk independently, they gather with all the other students who have been assigned

to the same chunk. These are called Expert Groups. Within each expert group, students compare

their ideas and work together to prepare some kind of presentation to give to their Jigsaw

Groups. During this time, gaps in individual students’ knowledge can be filled, misconceptions

can be cleared up, and important concepts can be reinforced. Step 5: Students return to Jigsaw Groups. Now that students have studied their chunks

in their expert groups, They return to their original jigsaw groups,

where each student takes a turn presenting their

chunk of information. Meanwhile, the other students listen carefully, take notes, and

ask lots of questions. Once the first expert has gone, the others

take their turns, As each “expert” teaches their chunk of content, The others in the group are learning it. Step 6: Assess all students on all the content. The assessment can be a simple quiz to make

sure all students got a basic understanding of all the material. Be sure to include all

content chunks in this quiz. Jigsaw II is a variation on the basic structure

of Jigsaw. Developed by Robert Slavin in 1986, Jigsaw

II makes one significant tweak to the basic Jigsaw. The difference is in how the assessment is

treated. In Jigsaw I, students are assessed individually and receive just one score. In Jigsaw II, quiz scores are given once to

individual students, then each group’s scores are averaged to generate a group score. This

builds in competition between groups and encourages students to work harder at helping each other

learn the material well. Here are a few tips for troubleshooting this

strategy. One problem you might encounter is this: What

if students don’t divide evenly? Now ideally, you’d have a perfectly divisible

group. But as we all know, that kind of perfection rarely happens, and even if you have perfection

in your plans, one absent student can throw your whole game off. First, remember that you can create groups

of 4, 5, or 6 (and some jigsaw advocates even allow

for groups of 2 or 3), so that should help minimize “extra” students. Still, if you end

up with a few extras, just assign two students in the same group the

same chunk. Now, what if some “experts” don’t teach the

material very well? If this group is depending on this one student

to teach them about monarchies, and he’s not the strongest student, that group is kind

of out of luck. You can anticipate this problem when creating

your groups. One thing you can do, if you have an uneven number of students, is pair

up two students on the same chunk who might be stronger together than they would be on

their own. Also, it’s the responsibility of the expert

group to make sure that everyone is prepared to present their chunk to their respective

jigsaw groups. If one student isn’t really getting it, make sure the rest of the group

gives that student extra preparation… So they’ll be ready to teach the material

to their jigsaw group. A full description of this strategy and its

history can be found at the Jigsaw Classroom website. Additional information about Jigsaw

was obtained from Silver, Strong, and Perini’s book, The Strategic Teacher. Now before you go, I have some stuff for you to click. Ready? I have a ton of other teaching strategy videos.

To watch some of them, click here. To subscribe to my YouTube channel and receive a notification

every time I make a new video, click here. To read more information about the Jigsaw

strategy, click here. And to visit my website, Cult of Pedagogy, which you totally should,

click this guy right here. Thanks for watching and have a great day.

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